This bare attention meditation, which can be conducted for as few as two minutes, helps to clarify and concentrate attention and relax the mindbody. It is called a “bare attention” technique because it requires the practitioner to simply observe the breath as it is -- without imposing ideas, visualizing images, projecting wishes and aversions, or making judgments, assumptions, and evaluations. Nearly all students become aware of the busyness of their own minds -- of the insistent mental chatter. For some this is a surprise; for others, it is a fuller realization of a familiar phenomenon. The first time the meditation is done, some students will notice that the chatter diminishes as the exercise proceeds. Repeating and lengthening the meditation on subsequent occasions will deepen its effects, and more and more students will benefit. The continual bringing back of the attention to the breath gradually builds concentration. Students also discover powers of inner perception they didn’t know they had. Many, for the first time, are able to experience subtle and complex bodily sensations, such as the movement of their nasal hairs, the blockage or free flow of air through their sinuses, the expansion and contraction of their chest muscles, the elasticity or tightness of their belly muscles, the changing rhythms of breathing. This meditation is quite powerful when practiced for ten or more minutes.